What Bikes Are Legal in Australia?

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Australia is a country with a rich motorcycling culture, and understanding the legalities surrounding different types of bikes is crucial for both novice and experienced riders. Whether you’re a learner, a seasoned rider, or someone looking to get into motorcycling, knowing what bikes are legal in Australia can help you make informed decisions. This blog will delve into the various categories of legal bikes in Australia, including learner-approved motorcycles, electric bikes, and more.

Learner Approved Motorcycles (LAMs)

The Learner Approved Motorcycle Scheme (LAMs) is designed to ensure that novice riders have access to motorcycles that are suitable for their skill level. The scheme restricts learners and provisional riders to motorcycles that meet specific criteria, ensuring safety and manageability.

Criteria for LAMs

  • Engine Capacity: Up to 660cc
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: No more than 150 kW per tonne
  • Electric Motorcycles: Power output up to 25kW

These motorcycles must appear on the Approved Motorcycles for Novice Riders list and cannot be modified from their manufacturer’s standard specifications.

Popular LAMs Models

Some popular LAMs-approved motorcycles include:

  • Honda CBR500R
  • Yamaha MT-03
  • Kawasaki Ninja 400
  • Suzuki GSX250R
  • Benelli TRK 502

These models are designed to provide a balance of performance and safety, making them ideal for new riders.

Electric Bikes

Electric bikes (e-bikes) are becoming increasingly popular in Australia due to their environmental benefits and ease of use. However, there are specific regulations that govern their use.

E-Bike Regulations

  • Power Output: Must not exceed 250 watts
  • Speed Limit: Assistance must cut off at 25 km/h
  • Pedal Assist: Must have a pedal-assist system; throttle-only e-bikes are not allowed

These regulations ensure that e-bikes are safe for use on public roads and bike paths.

Road Legal Motorcycles

For experienced riders, the range of road-legal motorcycles is vast. These bikes must comply with the Australian Design Rules (ADR), which cover aspects such as emissions, noise, and safety features.

Categories of Road Legal Motorcycles

  • Sport Bikes: High-performance motorcycles designed for speed and agility. Examples include the Yamaha YZF-R1 and the Suzuki GSX-R1000.
  • Cruisers: Known for their comfortable riding position and classic styling. Popular models include the Harley-Davidson Street 500 and the Honda Rebel 500.
  • Touring Bikes: Built for long-distance travel with features like large fuel tanks and comfortable seating. Examples include the BMW R1250RT and the Honda Gold Wing.
  • Adventure Bikes: Versatile motorcycles designed for both on-road and off-road use. Popular models include the BMW GS series and the KTM Adventure series.

Off-Road Bikes

Off-road bikes, also known as dirt bikes, are designed for use on unpaved surfaces. These bikes are not typically road-legal but are perfect for recreational use on trails and tracks.

Popular Off-Road Models

  • Kawasaki KX450
  • Honda CRF450R
  • Yamaha YZ450F
  • KTM 450 SX-F

These bikes are built to handle rough terrain and provide a thrilling riding experience.

Custom and Modified Bikes

Custom and modified bikes are popular among enthusiasts who want to personalize their motorcycles. However, it’s important to ensure that any modifications comply with Australian regulations.

Legal Modifications

  • Performance Upgrades: Must not increase the power output beyond legal limits for LAMs-approved bikes.
  • Aesthetic Changes: Such as paint jobs and custom seats are generally allowed as long as they do not affect the bike’s safety or emissions.
  • Safety Features: Adding features like ABS (Anti-lock Braking System) is encouraged.

It’s crucial to check with local transport authorities to ensure that any modifications are legal and do not void the bike’s compliance with ADR.


Understanding what bikes are legal in Australia is essential for ensuring safety and compliance with local laws. Whether you’re a novice rider looking for a LAMs approved bike, an enthusiast interested in custom modifications, or someone exploring the world of electric bikes, knowing the regulations will help you make informed decisions.

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Visit Motorcycle Part Finder Australia for more information. If you have any questions or need assistance, feel free to contact us at 0408795705 or email us at info@vicmotorcyclewreckers.com.au. Our team is available Monday to Friday from 8:00 to 19:00 to help you with all your motorcycle needs.